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The integration of the child with epilepsy at home and at school begins with understanding the disease. Childhood epilepsy consists of repeated seizures, called seizures, which affect approximately 1 percent of children. It manifests as seizures that can appear as generalized seizures characterized by disorderly activity of the arms and legs usually accompanied by loss of consciousness and perhaps biting of the tongue and passing urine.
But how does all this affect the family and children with epilepsy? To answer all these questions, GuiaInfantil.com has interviewed Francisca Lozano Garcia, President of the Spanish Association of People Affected by Severe Epilepsy.
How do you know if a child has epilepsy before a seizure occurs?
Sometimes there are crises that are very subtle and difficult to perceive and detect, which are called 'absence crises'. The child remains immobile with the lost knowledge and, sometimes, with a fixed gaze, they only last a few seconds, people who are not used to seeing this type of crisis may confuse them with daytime reverie or with an absent-mindedness, such as As a result of all this, poor school performance can occur.
How does epilepsy affect families in a child?
The diagnosis of epilepsy produces a change in the family structure, breaks all the schemes, illusions and projects. The attention of other children decreases, there is a refusal to have more children, the dynamics of the couple changes in terms of relationships, roles ... Family habits, schedules, activities, projects are modified ... Doubts and difficulties arise in the communication of the problem to other family members and how to make them participate. There is also social and family isolation, since you do not have time for family and friends (you live for and for your child).
Can the family prevent epileptic seizures?
The family is the key element in the evolution of the patient with epilepsy, therefore favorable conditions must be created to prevent seizures such as:
- Teach them to take their medication daily
- Sleep at least 8 hours a day.
- Control the fever.
- Create a suitable atmosphere of emotional stability.
- Make use of seat belts in cars.
- Providing them with a good preventive education against drugs and alcohol.
- Wear a helmet when using the motorcycle or bicycle, etc.
Can television and video games trigger an epileptic seizure?
Nowadays, televisions and flat-screen computers do not produce flashes, so they do not affect crises, although it is advisable to take certain precautions:
- Maintain a safe distance from the screen / monitor
- Control the exposure time and take regular breaks to rest your eyes.
- Avoid excessive flickering, reduce the brightness of the screen and avoid being exposed to this type of stimulus in rooms with poor lighting.
What is the diet recommended for children with epilepsy?
This diet is used in children with difficult-to-control epilepsy. It consists of meals with a high level of fat, a minimum of protein and no carbohydrates. Correct diet requires a dietician and detailed control of menus, calories, and fluids. All ingredients have to be weighed to the gram for the diet to work.
What should we do at home when a child has an epileptic seizure?
- Keep calm.
- Prevents the patient from hurting himself.
- Move away the objects around him.
- Put something soft under his head.
- Do not put anything in his mouth.
- Do not hold him or try to revive him.
- Do not give him anything to drink or eat.
- Do not give him artificial respiration.
- Notify the doctor if the crisis lasts more than 5 minutes or repeats.
What recommendations should children with epilepsy follow at school?
- Properly informing the center of your disease and the side effects of pharmacological treatments.
- Not rejecting it.
- Teaching them skills related to their illness.
- Speaking of epilepsy naturally.
- Giving answers to questions related to your illness.
You can read more articles similar to The child with epilepsy at home and at school, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.