We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Rubella is a viral infection that mainly affects children and young adults. It is a contact-transmitted disease that causes mild fever, nausea, conjunctivitis, and a rash that begins on the face and neck and progresses throughout the rest of the body.
On our site we tell you what the risks of rubella in pregnancy, a disease that can alter the normal development of the baby and even cause death.
Rubella is transmitted by contagion, once the infection is contracted, the virus spreads throughout the body in 5 or 7 days. In fact, a person can become infected and show no symptoms for up to two to three weeks after exposure to the virus. In children it is a mild disease that occurs with fever, conjunctivitis and between 50 and 80% of cases with a rash, that is, a rash all over the body.
However, in pregnant women the risk is high, since if the woman is infected in the early stages of pregnancy, the chance of passing rubella to the baby is 90%.Having rubella in pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, can be the cause of:
- Spontaneous abortion.
- Death of the baby.
- Congenital malformations that constitute what is known as congenital rubella syndrome.
Even nursing babies born with rubella syndrome can shed the virus for a year.
If during pregnancy the woman suffered from rubella and the baby manages to survive, it could be born with what is known as congenital rubella syndrome which can cause disorders such as:
- Hearing loss.
- Heart problems.
- Eye problems.
- Diabetes mellitus.
The best prevention against rubella is vaccination. The vaccine contains a live attenuated virus strain and provides a long-term level of immunity greater than 95%.
The rubella vaccine is present in most childhood vaccination schedules, therefore girls have protection against it when they grow up. However, the increased risk of rubella in pregnancy is shown in countries where there is no childhood vaccination plan.
If you have already received the vaccine or have had the disease, it is most likely that you are immune. If you are not immune to rubella, you should get vaccinated before you get pregnant. It is advisable to wait a month to try to get pregnant.
Source: WHO (World Health Organization)
You can read more articles similar to The danger of rubella in pregnancy, in the Disease category - on-site nuisance