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To teach children to recycle different materials, we must first teach them to clean them of other substances and elements. Each material requires a different type of preparation and a particular way of classifying it in the different containers.
You just have to follow a few simple indications, know where the nearest collection centers are and encourage group initiatives to start contributing to recycling, and in this way be able to benefit from the different advantages of this practice.
We explain how to teach children to recycle different materials.
Types of containers for recycle correctly:
The recycling process begins with the separation of waste at home to deposit it in the corresponding containers. These differ by color in:
- Green: for glass containers
- Yellow: for plastic containers and cans
- Blue: for paper and cardboard
In addition to these containers, there are others that are regulated by the municipalities, called clean points. In them, hazardous waste is deposited, for example: batteries, oils, electrical appliances and debris.
To recycle the fabric there are a series of basic rules:
- The old clothes to be donated must be clean, sewn and ironed
- Cloth pieces for making rags, regardless of size, must be clean
- Remove buttons, zippers and other decorations that may have the fabrics
- Separate nylon, polyester, and raincoats from other fabrics
In order to recycle plastic material, you must classify by families. They can be whole or broken pieces and must be clean before depositing them.
- Classify plastics by families and clean them from other debris. They can be whole or broken pieces
- Check the type of plastic, before taking it to the container.
To recycle glass well, it must be classified by color and taken to the container:
- The glass must be totally clean
- It must be classified by colors: green, amber and transparent
- Eliminate other components such as threads, washers, labels or caps
- Please note that some bottles are "returnable", meaning that they can be redelivered.
- Paper and paperboard
Paper and cardboard should be packed and tied, and should not be damp or wrinkled:
- Classify the paper according to its type: newspaper, office paper, computer paper, cardboard, cardboard, etc.
- Do not tear the paper, or crease it
- Separate paper on one side and cardboard on the other
- The paper or cardboard should be packed and tied
- It should not be damp or wet
- Carbon paper or cellophane should not be included.
Whenever possible, cans of aluminum and steel must be compressed.
- The classification must be done by metal (copper, aluminum, steel, iron)
- The materials must contain only metals, trying to detach papers or labels
- In the case of aluminum, it should say: recyclable aluminum. With the international recycling symbol
- The aluminum must be compacted: to obtain 1 kg approximately 60 cans are needed
- Aluminum and steel cans must be compressed.
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