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When we hear about Scouts, words like camp, team spirit or nature come to mind, but few people know what this movement, founded in England by Robert Baden-Powell in 1908, really conveys to children.
Scouting, which comes from the word scouting, which means to explore, has more than 40 million members in 165 countries. Scouts are considered a civil organization of an educational, non-profit, non-partisan or religious nature (although in their law God is mentioned, it is seen as a generic entity valid for all confessions) and is inspired by the Aims, Principles and Methods of the Scout Movement.
Boys must be faithful to the so-called Scout Promise and the Scout Law. But what does all this mean? What are the values of scouts for boys?
- Learning by doing:Exploration and action are two rising values for Scouts. The action takes place through play and experimentation. Among other things, the scouts learn to make huts, learn about minerals, observe birds or insects, prepare the menu for 15 days, carry out household chores or organize solidarity activities for the benefit of those most in need.
- Coexistence and socialization: Scouts are organized into small groups in which children practice personal knowledge and that of others. The figure of an adult helps them to participate in the group and to foster cooperation between these teams. In this coexistence the assumption of responsibilities is essential.
- Love for nature: Scouts promote direct contact with the environment, adventure and the simple life. Scouts carry out their activities outdoors and are absolutely aware of respect for the environment and sustainable savings.
- Solidarity and vocation of service: Scouts foster solidarity and generosity with others with the desire to build a better world. In scouts, children learn to work as a team, but also to find their own path and to be independent people.
Scouts are divided into age groups. From smallest to oldest we will find beavers, cubs, troops, sculptures and rovers.
- The Beavers:Beavers begin when they are six years old, in 1st grade. Beavers have to focus on: playing with everyone, obeying the scouters (the monitors) and sharing their own with others.
- Cubs: At the age of 9, already in the 4th grade of Primary, beavers turn into cubs and lose the characteristic handkerchief of scouts. Now they have to earn the scarf with their attitude. Here they are asked that in addition to playing, obeying and sharing, they must always tell the truth. Another maxim of the Cubs is that "The Cub thinks first of the others". And they have another new mission, to do a good deed for the day!
- The Scout Troop: At the age of 12 (in 1st year of Secondary) the scouts begin to form part of the troop. Here they take off their handkerchief again because the time has come to fulfill the so-called “Scout Promise” that says:
I promise on my honor and with the help of God, to do whatever depends on me to:
- To fulfill my duties towards God and my country.
- Help others in all circumstances.
- Faithfully comply with the Scout Law.
The Scout Law has 10 articles:
- The scout places his honor on being trustworthy.
- The scout is loyal.
- The scout is helpful and helpful.
- The scout is a friend to all and a brother to other scouts.
- The scout is courteous.
- The scout sees in nature the work of God and cares for and protects animals and plants.
- The Scout is obedient, disciplined and does nothing by halves.
- The scout is courageous in the face of dangers and difficulties.
- The scout is economical, hard-working, and careful of the good of others.
- The Scout is clean and pure, sound in thoughts, words, and actions.
The motto of a scout is 'Always ready!' It is designed so that children have in mind that at any time and circumstance they have to be prepared to help someone so that in the future they can better serve society.
The sculptures:The sculptors are entered when they are 15 years old (in 4th year of ESO). The boys are already prepared for activities and marches and tougher challenges. In this stage they learn the value of effort and sacrifice, fleeing from complaint.
The Rovers: This stage begins at the age of 17 and his motto is 'Serve'. This is the great objective of the scout method, because as its founder said: "The secret of happiness is to make others happy".
All these values favor a comprehensive education, complement the education of parents at home and also serve for personal development throughout life since, as scouts say, 'Scout one day, scout always'.
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