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The hormones of the pregnancy favor that the metabolism of the sugars, is modified so that there is no lack of nutrients neither for the mother nor for the baby. Sometimes these modifications produce a significant imbalance in them, causing the blood sugar level to rise inappropriately.
When such an imbalance occurs, diabetes can develop. But in most cases, it is diabetes linked to pregnancy, which disappears when the baby is born.
It is very important to detect this situation early as it can be very harmful to both the mother and the baby. During pregnancy different tests are carried out in this regard. The first one is the O'Sullivan test, which is performed between week 24-28 in those women who do not have risk factors.
In this test, 2 blood draws are carried out, one on an empty stomach and another 60 minutes after having ingested 50 grams of glucose. If the result of this test was not normal, another test would be performed, the Oral Glucose Overload (SOG); with which depending on its result, you would diagnose us gestational diabetes.
For those women who have risk factors, the test is done earlier in the first trimester of pregnancy. The most frequent risk factors for which it is recommended to perform the test in the first trimester of pregnancy are:
- Overweight before pregnancy.
- The pregnant woman has first-degree diabetic relatives (mainly parents or siblings, since this disease has an important hereditary factor).
- The pregnant woman had diabetes in a previous pregnancy.
- It is a pregnant woman over 40 years old (the chances of gestational diabetes increase).
- Women with repeated abortions.
- Previous pregnancies with babies over 4000 grams of weight.
For the baby, an inadequately high level of sugar in the maternal blood can cause:
- Heart malformations
- Alterations in the maturity of the lungs
- High weight -with its consequences for childbirth-, among many others.
If glycemic control is adequate, the likelihood of complications is minimized.
- Mothers who have gestational diabetes are also followed by the doctor once they give birth, as they have a higher risk of developing diabetes in the future.
- However, it is important to banish the erroneous belief that gestational diabetes causes diabetes in babies… Lgestational diabetes is not communicable.
- For the treatment of this pathology, diet is used fundamentally and, if this is not controlled, insulin. The practice of physical activity, such as walking regularly, has proven to be very useful for the proper control of sugar levels.
You can read more articles similar to Why some pregnant women develop diabetes, in the category of Diseases - annoyances on site.