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The child who is the victim of prolonged sexual abuse, usually develops a loss of self-esteem, has the feeling that he is worthless and acquires an abnormal perspective on sexuality.
The child can become very withdrawn, lose trust in all adults, and may even consider suicide if they cannot find something or someone to lean on and trust. But, How can we know if a child was or is being sexually abused? A child who is sexually abused can have drastic changes in his or her physique or behavior.
The manifestations that a child victim of sexual abuse may present
children are diverse. It is important to note that there are obvious symptoms of sexual abuse, but there are other symptoms that do not prove by themselves whether or not there is sexual abuse of a boy or a girl. However, it is necessary to know them to make it easier for parents and educators to detect a case of child abuse.
Know the symptoms that are observed in boys and girls victims of sexual abuse:
- Difficulty walking or sitting
- Enuresis. Regressions, inability to control sphincters
- Injuries, tears, bruises on the sexual organs
- Irritation and infections in genital and anogenital areas, and urinary
- Venereal diseases
- Presence of sperm
- Early pregnancy
- Difficulties in defecation
- Bleeding from the vagina or rectum
- Stained or torn underwear
- Bruises on the body, especially on the genitals
Apart from the physical manifestations that may indicate that there is child abuse, the child may present emotional changes such as:
- Fears for no apparent reason
- Symptoms of anxiety
- Symptoms of depression, reluctance, passivity
- Low self-esteem
- Guilty feeling
- Aversion and social withdrawal
- Suicidal ideation and behavior
- Excessive and compulsive masturbation
- Knowledge and imitation of sexual acts
- Excessive interest or avoidance of everything related to sexual nature
- Use of inappropriate sexual vocabulary
- Excessive sexual curiosity
- Exhibitionist and seductive behavior
- Compulsive conformity
- Hyperactive behaviors
- Attention deficit
- Depression or isolation from friends and family
- Social relationship problems with peers and adults
- Less number of friends
- Disinterest in playing with equals
- High social isolation. Hostility, aggressiveness, anger and rage
- Fear or rejection of someone
- Sleep problems (Insomnia, fear and nightmares)
- Loss of sphincter control (enuresis and encopresis)
- Eating disorder. Appetite disorder (loss, anorexia, bulimia)
- Somatic complaints
- Continuous crying
- Excessive aggressiveness
- Poor school performance
- Refusing to go to school, delinquency
- Evidence of sexual abuse or harassment in your drawings, games or fantasies
- Problems of attention and concentration
This is any sexual activity that is violent or not that sIt occurs between an adult and a minor or even between two minors if one of them exercises power over the other.
It is coercing, forcing or persuading a minor to participate in a sexual act. Sexual abuse is also understood to be those activities that do not involve direct sexual contact such as exhibitionism, exposure of minors to pornographic material, voyeurism or sexual communication via telephone or Internet.
Physical signs of sexual abuse are often not noticed in the child but if there is damage to the genitals or the anus that can only be recognized by a doctor. With this clarification, it cannot be said that all children who present these changes in their physical or behavior are suffering sexual abuse. In any case, go to the pediatrician just in case.
- Save the Children
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