Asthma can present itself in two forms: Episodic or continuous for several days or weeks, without altering daily activity or with minimal alteration of it or in the form of 'crisis', that is, acutely, what that supposes a shorter duration in time, but probably with greater severity of asthma symptoms.
Then we tell you how to detect an asthma attack in your child, what are the symptoms and how to recognize the intensity of this crisis.
Typical symptoms are shortness of breath or shortness of breath, dry cough (ie no mucus), wheezing or wheezing, tightness or 'weight' in the chest. If the child does sports, sometimes he has to stop before his peers 'because he can't take it anymore or he is drowning', not because he is tired after exercise.
- Symptoms often begin or become worse at night. All these symptoms appear because the bronchi, which are the 'tubes' that carry air from the nose and mouth to the lungs, during asthma attacks narrow, for a double reason: because their caliber or diameter decreases due to constriction of the bronchial muscle (bronchospasm) and because the wall of that bronchus is inflamed.
- It is advisable to pay special attention to cough, which is usually dry, although if it is associated with colds it can be productive (with expectoration). Children generally do not know how to expectorate, although when coughing we can hear a certain noise of mobilization of secretions.
- This does not mean that every cough is a symptom of asthma, but if your child is diagnosed with asthma and has it, it may be a warning that he needs medication. If it has not yet been diagnosed and there is no other reason for the cough, it should be evaluated by an allergist who rules out the possibility of asthma.
1. Mild. It presents with a dry cough, mild respiratory distress, chest tightness, and / or isolated wheezing, in relation to exercise.
2. Moderate. The same symptoms appear at rest.
3. Serious. These symptoms appear most often while at rest, and insignificant efforts, such as talking, are not tolerated. It is convenient to pay attention to the neck muscles, which contract when taking inspiration or taking a breath. In very severe cases wheezing disappears.
In the event of any extreme difficulty in breathing, and whenever you notice 'sinking in the chest' when you breathe, it will be better go to the emergency room.
You can read more articles similar to How to identify an asthmatic attack in children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.